The number of visitors to a particular location should be strictly regulated by law to minimize the detrimental effects on the environment.
When the level of tourist usage exceeds the environment’s capacity to handle this use within the allowed boundaries of change, tourism has a negative impact. Numerous natural regions across the world are potentially threatened by unrestrained conventional tourism. It can place a great deal of strain on a region and have negative effects such as soil erosion, increased pollution, discharges into the sea, loss of natural habitat, greater pressure on endangered species, and increased susceptibility to forest fires. It frequently strains water supplies and might make local communities fight for access to vital resources.
The effects of tourism on the environment
Through traffic emissions, littering, and increased sewage production, mass tourism is associated with higher levels of pollution. Due to a rise in tourists over the past ten years, which has also raised the pollution level, transportation by air, rail, and road has all increased significantly.
Additionally, tourism raises the amount of solid waste in the environment, destroying the area’s natural beauty and upsetting the balance of the ecosystem. Marine life has been wiped out and the beach areas have been greatly impacted by solid garbage.
Additionally, the revenue from tourism does not necessarily have to go towards enhancing the local area. It frequently comes at the expense of one place being exploited and the other being developed.
Steps taken by the government
One of the largest campaigns for cleanliness, the Swachh Bharat Mission, attempts to make India’s streets, roads, and infrastructure cleaner and better so that more tourists will visit the country.
The Clean Ganga Mission seeks to improve the quality of the water in the sacred River Ganga and its tributaries while also promoting its development because it currently draws tens of thousands of tourists each year.
The National Air Quality Index Project seeks to reduce the nation’s alarmingly high pollution levels. Additionally, this will aid in reducing pollution and raising public awareness of air quality.
The Modi administration has launched an effort to save water nationwide that also involves building dams and conducting dam inspections.