Indian Air Force deploys

Indian Air Force deploys the first of Russia’s S-400 Triumf sophisticated missile systems in the Punjab area, with sources claiming that the initial squadron’s batteries can defend against aircraft threats from both Pakistan and China. The S-400 is regarded as one of the world’s most advanced aerial defence systems, capable of combating anything from drones to ballistic missiles. Here’s everything you need to know about the system, which India paid USD 5.5 billion for despite US opposition.

CSIS Studies

According to the Washington-based Centre for Strategic and International Studies, the S-400 Triumf, also known as the SA-21 Growler in NATO, is a mobile surface-to-air missile system capable of “engaging aircraft, UAVs, cruise missiles, and has a terminal ballistic missile defence capability”.

The development of this advanced missile system began in 1993, almost immediately after the Soviet Union’s collapse, and it largely borrows from the earlier S-300 missile defence system, including missile storage containers, launchers, and radars.

History and capabilities of the AD-System

The S-400 was originally put to the test in late 1999 or early 2000; with the first weapon going into service in 2007. S-400s have been deployed across Russia, including in Moscow’s defence. In 2015, Russia deployed the S-400 to Syria; with some units also being stationed in Crimea following Moscow’s annexation of the peninsula.

According to, the S-400 is equipped with a “multifunction radar, autonomous detection and targeting systems, anti-aircraft missile systems, launchers, and command and control centre and is manufactured by the Almaz Central Design Bureau in Moscow “,

The missile system can “simultaneously engage 36 targets” over a 400-kilometre range. It takes only five minutes to operate is twice as effective; as earlier Russian air defence systems and can be integrated. With existing and future air defence units of the air force, army, and navy.”

By Ashish

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