At the COP26 UN Climate Change Conference in November 2021, India committed to reducing its carbon emissions to zero by the year 2070 through Electric cars.
According to the World Air Quality Report 2020, burning stubble, construction, and transportation are India’s main causes of air pollution. India must therefore focus on these three sectors as well as the other minor sources of air pollution if it hopes to attain net-zero emissions by 2070.
What is the present situation of Electric Cars?
The need for transportation will only grow in the upcoming years. Even if the government improves public transportation to reduce the use of private vehicles, the rising demand would make it impossible to eliminate vehicular pollution. Therefore, it is necessary to restructure the transportation industry by moving away from fossil fuel-based cars.
Alternatives to automobiles powered by fossil fuels include biogas vehicles, electric vehicles, hydrogen vehicles, and others.
Electric vehicles have many advantages over other alternatives to fuel-based vehicles, including the fact that they are the safest, most effective, etc.
In November 2021, oil PSUs said that they would install 22,000 EV charging stations over the following three to five years.
What are the steps taken by the government?
The Indian government intends to employ electric vehicles for all of its field offices and central government ministries.
In India, coal-fired power stations will produce 70% of the nation’s electricity by 2021. So, even if we transition to electric vehicles, using coal-based electricity to power them will be ineffective. Therefore, a complete conversion to renewable energy sources like solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, biogas, etc. to generate power is required to attain net-zero emissions in the transportation sector.
It is necessary to lower the cost of electric vehicles so that middle-class people can more easily purchase them in place of fuel-based automobiles.