With a sixth of the global population, India is the most populous nation today. Population of India according to government estimates, was 1.42 billion.
Over the past century, China’s population growth rate was cut in half.
According to demographers, much of development was accomplished by disregarding human rights. A few of them include two distinct initiatives that encouraged having only one child, later marriages and longer intervals between children.
For a large portion of the second half of the 20th century, India’s population expanded quickly. Death rates decreased over time, life expectancy increased, and incomes increased. More individuals, particularly those who resided in cities, had access to modern sewage systems and clean drinking water.
India initiated a family planning program in 1952 but didn’t affirm a national population policy until 1976, right when China was operating to decrease its birth rate.
India is not undergoing a population explosion
Since India attained its independence in 1947, more than a billion people have been counted, and a further 40 years of population growth was foreseen. But despite apocalyptic prognoses of a demographic catastrophe, the country’s population growth rate has been stagnant for several decades.
Therefore, the fact that India has more people than China is no longer alarmingly relevant.
Indian women now have fewer children than in the past thanks to rising earnings and increased access to health and education, thereby flattening the growth curve. In 17 out of 22 states and federally managed territories, fertility rates have fallen below replacement levels, or two births per woman.
In comparison to the more populous north, India’s southern region has experienced a sharper fall in birth rates.
How can overtaking China be significant?
It might support India’s bid for permanent membership in the UN Security Council, which currently has five members, including China.
India, a founding member of the UN, has consistently maintained the legitimacy of its claim to a permanent seat. It’s important to note how India’s demography is changing. Despite its shortcomings, India should be commended for employing family planning in a democracy that was both impoverished and mainly illiterate to manage a healthy demographic transition. The majority of nations accomplished this after raising their literacy and living conditions.