Lack of adequate infrastructure, access to inexpensive healthcare, education opportunities, and employment all contribute to poverty in India.
When a person cannot meet his fundamental needs, such as those for food, clothing, and shelter, he is said to be in poverty. Multiple reasons, including lack of education, lack of employment opportunities, natural calamities, and economic unrest, contribute to poverty.
The government of India uses the Below Poverty Line (BPL) to count the number of people living in poverty and to give them aid. With 228.9 million, India continues to have the largest population of poor people worldwide.
The government routinely updates the BPL amounts to reflect changes in the cost of living and the state of the economy.
What are the challenges?
Since poverty is prevalent across the nation and is not concentrated in a single region or state, finding a workable solution is challenging.
When it comes to strategies for reducing poverty, such as the creation of jobs and infrastructure to support higher education, there are differences among the states.
Students are still having trouble finding employment after completing their school because the educational system is still not focused on providing the skills that are needed in various industries.
In India, medical care is pricey. Despite increases in government expenditures, out-of-pocket health expenses remain high. During the illness of a loved one, one may lose all of their savings.
Steps taken up by the government
Rural residents are guaranteed 100 days of paid employment per household under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
National Food Security Act, which offers subsidized food to underprivileged families.
Poor rural residents can receive free housing through the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana.
The New Education Policy 2022 seeks to revamp the current educational system and put more emphasis on student skill development.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana has improved financial inclusion in rural areas and assisted in giving residents of those areas immediate access to government assistance funds in their bank accounts.