Che Guevara, Ernesto Guevara de la Serna, known as him, was a guerrilla warfare theorist and tactician who lived from June 14, 1928, in Rosario, Argentina, to October 9, 1967, in La Higuera, Bolivia. Guevara was born into a leftist-leaning middle-class family of Spanish-Irish origin. He was the eldest of five children. Despite having asthma, he succeeded as an athlete and a scholar, graduating from medical school in 1953. He spent several of his vacations in Latin America, and his observations of the masses’ extreme poverty contributed to his eventual determination that violent revolution was the only way out. He began to see Latin America not as a collection of distinct nations; but as a cultural and economic entity requiring an international plan to liberate.
Guevara travelled to Guatemala in 1953, when he met Jacobo Arbenz; the president of a progressive government aiming to bring about a social revolution. (At the time, Guevara’s nickname was derived from an Argentine verbal habit of punctuating speech with the interjection che.) Guevara was convinced that the US will always fight progressive leftist regimes since the collapse of the Arbenz Government in 1954 in a coup aided by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). This became the foundation of his ambitions for a universal revolution to bring about socialism. Guevara became a committed Marxist while living in Guatemala.
Jon Lee Anderson, one of Guevara’s biographers, revealed in 1995. That he had learned that Guevara and several of his colleagues had been buried; in a mass grave near Vallegrande, Bolivia. On the 30th anniversary of Guevara’s death, in 1997, a skeleton thought to be that of the revolutionary, along with the remains of his six companions, was unearthed and carried to Cuba, where it was interred in a large memorial and monument in Santa Clara.