Harmony in diversity in India. Modern India stands as one of the most diverse countries in the world a subcontinent that is home to over 100 languages over 700 tribes every major religion in the world and also to some of the world’s largest cities as well as remote regions with almost no people. India’s diversity is reflected in its ethnicities, customs and social structure across a population of 1.3 billion people and the country’s secular and pluralist approach since its inception has arguably helped India being to realise a “Diversity Dividend”.
The inheritance of diversity of languages: The relationship between language and culture is perfectly embedded. They are entangled. Peoples Linguistic Survey of India identified 780 languages of which 50 got extinct in the past five decades. Officially there are 122 languages but 22 languages in the Eighth Schedule of the constitution give cultural pockets like Assamese, Gujarati, Konkani, Maithili, Manipuri, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu etc. Religious diversity: According to the data on Population by Religious Communities of Census 2011, Hindu 96.63 crores (79.8%); Muslim 17.22 crores (14.2%); Christian 2.78 crores (2.3%); Sikh 2.08 crores (1.7%); Buddhist 0.84 crores (0.7%); Jain 0.45 crores (0.4%) are dispersed all over the nation forming cultural pockets.
As per the 1901 census, the eight different ethnic groups found in India are Pre-Dravidian, Dravidian, Indo-Aryan, Turko-Iranian, Scytho-Dravidian, Arya- Dravidian, Mongoloid and Mongoloid-Dravidian. Because of this, India has been termed as an ethnological museum. A particular ethnic group shared a common culture, common language or dialect, a common religion, a common norm, practices, customs and history. Such multiple groups appeared as cultural pockets. contemporary anthropologists categorize Indians as belonging to racial admixture. Mongoloids are largely confined to the North-eastern region whereas Negritos are found on the Andaman Islands. Unity in diversity is very essential for a country because it is a very simple task to divide people with different views and ideas. If there is unity between people despite their variations and it is very difficult to disintegrate the nation. The unity among the citizens of the country plays a great role in maintaining peace and prosperity in the nation.